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What are the concepts discussed? Briefly describe them in your own words.

First and foremost, we discussed about intellectual property rights. Intellectual property refers to any work made by an artist. This may include books, songs, brands, and so on. To protect such inventions and ideas from being stolen, the creators have a special right known as intellectual property rights (IPR). In a nutshell, intellectual property rights prevent other people from using the creator’s work without his or her permission. Furthermore, the IPR allows creators to legally sue certain people to force them to stop and compensate for any damages should someone take their ideas. There are also two branches of IPR — industrial property (which includes industrial designs, trademarks, commercial names, and such things to protect the work from unfair competition) and copyright (includes protection for artistic creation such as book and song). The copyright also protects other rights such as economic rights (rights of the creator to profit from their creation) and moral rights (rights of the author to claim authorship of the work and restrain the usage of his or her name). Any violation with regard to copyright law (also known as copyright infringement), is punishable under Philippine law.

Next, we also learned about the concept of fair use, which allows people to use a copyright-protected work without the permission of the author or creator. While this may seem contrary to the copyright law, it is good to note that we may only use such materials for a specific circumstance such as for criticism and research to be deemed as fair use. Furthermore, we also delve into the legal issue surrounding photocopying. Photocopying can also be considered as fair use in certain circumstances. In a library context, the library may only produce a single copy of material if and only if the original material is in a fragile state, the material will be used for research purposes, or it will be used for preservation purposes.

Lastly, the concept of intellectual freedom, censorship, and licensing was also discussed this week. Intellectual freedom refers to the freedom of each individual to seek and receive information with no restriction. On the other hand, there is also a concept known as censorship wherein certain persons (particularly those in position) suppress ideas and information that they may deem objectionable or particularly dangerous. Lastly, we learned about the licensing agreement which is a written agreement that contains the terms and conditions under which a licensor grants a license to a license. A license is a legal term for permission to use or access copyright-protected materials.

Why are these activities done in the library and information centers?

How do you think are these applied in Philippine libraries?

All of these information and actions were done to protect the intellectual freedom of every students and other individuals. As Elif Shafak said, “Without the freedom to criticize, question, and challenge the dominant narrative, societies cannot make progress.”


Libraries and their role in transitional justice in the Philippines — Iyra S. Buenrostro, Johann Frederick A. Cabbab, 2019 (sagepub.com)



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Carl Benedict Posadas

A student of the University of the Philippines who loves to write about anything under the sun believing that every thing has a story to tell.